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What is Performance Fabric?

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“Performance fabric” is a term thrown around a lot in the textile industry. What exactly is a performance fabric and why is choosing the right performance fabric important for you?

There are multiple ways to achieve performance, but the most common way is to choose a thread that possesses performance traits or by chemically treating (coating) a fabric. 

Typical performance fabric traits are: water resistance, stain resistance, mold and mildew resistance, light fastness, durability, and antimicrobial traits. The most common threads used for performance upholstery fabric are olefin, acrylic, nylon, and polyester. Not all the threads listed have all the same performance traits so they either have to be inherently stain resistant or treated/coated. Chemically speaking, I could talk about the finishes used to make some upholstery fabrics into performance fabrics, but I'd like to focus on the fibers that are not treated with chemicals. Below are some distinct characteristics of the types of materials used to make performance upholstery fabrics. 

Olefin (Revolution is 100% Olefin)

  • Resists moisture and mildew
  • Resists chemicals
  • Resists abrasion
  • Resists Stains
  • Washable and easy to clean
  • Flat woven fabrics, velvets, and textures designs can be achieved
  • Sensitive to higher heat temperatures
  • Does not need to be chemically treated to have performance traits
  • Can be woven by itself or with other performance/nonperformance fibers
  • Uses no Land or Water to produce
  • Upcycled from petroleum production
  • Easily recycled
  • Quick Drying
  • Low Static
  • Low resistance to high heat

Acrylic

  • Closely resembles wool in character
  • Easy to wash
  • Good dimensional stability
  • Resistance to chemicals
  • Colorfastness and can be dyed
  • Can be woven by itself or with other performance/nonperformance fibers
  • Resists Shrinkage and wrinkles
  • Resists mildew and insects
  • Easy to Clean
  • Hydrophobic (repels water)
  • Static Electricity buildup due to hydrophobic properties
  • Not the most abrasion resistant fabric
  • Known to pill (leaves tiny lint balls)
  • Burns easily and difficult to extinguish

Nylon

  • Resists mildew and mold
  • Low resistance to light
  • Low resistance to heat
  • Usually treated to prevent stains
  • Low absorbency
  • Usually lustrous fiber – shiny
  • Durable
  • Elastic properties
  • Picks up other colors during wash
  • Not susceptible to shrinkage
  • Stain removal can be an issue

Polyester

  • Durable
  • Crisp yet soft to the touch
  • Resists stretching and shrinkage
  • Washable and dry-cleanable
  • Quick drying
  • Resilient to most chemicals
  • Resists abrasion
  • Because of low absorbency, stain removal can be an issue
  • Static and piling issues
  • Blends well with other fibers

Revolution™ chose Olefin as the main fiber in their upholstery fabric. Olefin has is inherently stain resistant without the use of any PFC chemicals or any type of chemical coating. Olefin is also an upcycled fiber and uses very little of our earth's resources to make. Revolution is proud to offer a fabric that achieves a high level of performance without the use of PFC chemicals. 

upholstery fabric, stain resistance, performance fabric

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